Posts Tagged

Grammar

Look, Appear, Feel + Adjective or Adverb?

SHE LOOKED NERVOUS AFTER SHE LOOKED NERVOUSLY AT HER WATCH. Most students know that the Be verb takes an adjective, not an adverb. But what about other stative, non-action verbs such as look, appear, and feel? These verbs can take both an adjective and an adverb! The confusion lies in the fact that these verbs have both non-action and action…

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Hope Vs. Wish

AFTER THIS LESSON, I HOPE MY STUDENTS UNDERSTAND WHEN TO USE THESE VERBS. ACTUALLY, I WISH THEY ALREADY UNDERSTOOD! Hope Vs. Wish Hope and wish have very similar meanings. We use them to express our desire for something different from how it is now. In a nutshell, hope mainly expresses a desire that is possible or likely to happen. Wish usually expresses a desire that is impossible or unlikely to happen. To…

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Make Vs. Do

Make it a point to review these common expressions! Expressions that use the verbs make and do are quite common in English. In many of these expressions, make and do take on a generic action meaning that is tricky to differentiate. English language learners sometimes have great difficulty deciding which verb to use! Luckily, we can divide these expressions into categories such as business, speaking, cooking,…

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Subject–Verb Agreement: Non-Count Nouns That End in “S”

THIS IS INTERESTING NEWS! Almost all English grammar rules have exceptions that can cause our students endless confusion. That’s why, whenever an exception pops up during class, I like to point it out to refresh my students’ memories. A common source of confusion is subject–verb agreement, particularly when it pertains to non-count nouns that end…

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Why Do We Use “Looking Forward To” with a Second –ING Verb?

TWO –ING VERBS IN THE SAME CLAUSE, GERUNDS VS. INFINITIVES…THERE’S A LOT GOING ON WITH THE COMMON EXPRESSION “LOOKING FORWARD TO”! Many, many times I’ve heard my students say things like “I’m look forward to sleeping in” or “I’m looking forward to sleep in” instead of the correct “I’m looking forward to sleeping in.” Their…

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5 Verbs with Meaning Changes: Gerunds and Infinitives – Advanced

HAVE YOU EVER TRIED TO STUDY (BUT COULDN’T) OR TRIED STUDYING (STARTED, THEN STOPPED) THESE TRICKY VERBS? In the last blog post, we saw a method for teaching gerunds and infinitives to students in a clear, organized way. We learned that, following a main verb, there is a lot of memorization and practice required on the students’ part in order to keep…

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Exceptions to the Noun + Infinitive Rule

HAVE YOUR STUDENTS SPENT ENOUGH TIME STUDYING GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES? Gerunds and infinitives are many students’ worst nightmare. Certain verbs are followed by the -ing form of a verb (gerund), and others are followed by to + base verb (infinitive). Students often feel that hours of memorization are required to keep gerunds and infinitives straight. Luckily, there are four rules that…

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Gerunds and Infinitives: Helpful Teaching Tips

I LIKE TEACHING AND I LIKE TO TEACH… Gerunds (the -ing form of a verb) and infinitives (to + the base form of a verb) are strange little creatures. They combine the action meaning of the verb with the grammatical function of a noun. They are useful because they allow us to use verbs as subjects and objects. But…

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An Easy Way to Teach Conditionals

IF I REMEMBER ALL THE CONDITIONAL PATTERNS, I WILL PASS THE TEST! Let’s talk about conditionals. I find that the usual textbook method of presenting one conditional pattern in isolation means that students will only remember and be able to use that one type. When another pattern is introduced weeks or months later, they often…

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Teaching the Subjunctive

IF I WERE YOU… English doesn’t just have verb tenses, it also has voices and moods. One of the moods that students struggle with most is the subjunctive. The subjunctive is used only in specific cases that students aren’t often exposed to until they reach a high-intermediate or advanced level. But presenting the subjunctive earlier on isn’t…

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